Aquaponics is a sustainable farming system that combines hydroponics and aquaculture. The system is highly efficient and eco-friendly because it only uses 10% of what a normal farm would use. It can also be aesthetically pleasing especially when you use flowering plants or ornamentals together with a tank of gold fish.
If you are concerned about the quality of food you are eating, you can take control by using backyard aquaponics to produce your own food. Today, most people are concerned of the chemicals that are present in many types of produce that are harvested in tons. You may be able to break that dangerous chain and become self-sufficient with your own home-grown produce if you have an efficient backyard aquaponics system.
Backyard aquaponics efficiently utilizes and recycles water, which is one of the crucial components of the entire system. The fish waste in the tank water is pumped into the plant grow beds to allow the roots to absorb its nutrients. The vegetation serves as a filtering agent which cleans the rest of the water before it is pumped back in the fish tank. Some evaporation may be the only reason for water loss.
The only inputs required are fish food, sunlight or applicable lighting system if needed, and minimal amounts of water in order to create a totally organic backyard aquaponics system. This system does not require acres of land and you can put the fish tanks at ground level and the vegetable grow beds on the top level. You may put the garden in a greenhouse for an extend growing season to allow all year-round harvesting of the produce.
For a newbie, you can always start a small backyard aquaponics garden and with only one unit. You may use salad vegetables such as lettuce, tomatoes as well as strawberries and some flowering plants. To make your backyard aquaponics system highly sustainable and efficient, you can use edible fish varieties and garden vegetables together. Look for starter kits on the net or your local farming and hobby shops. And you need to get information from your municipality about the restrictions and allowances when raising fish in your state.